Varicose veins and spider veins can be effectively treated using injectable scleortherapy and laser based endovenous ablation procedures. While the procedures are extremely safe as long as they are performed by a fully trained and experienced vein specialist, it is still important for a patient to know the potential risks.
A dedicated treatment provider will explain the potential risks during the pre-op consultation in order to help the patient make a well-considered decision. Dr. Gregg Reger provides cutting edge vein treatments at his cosmetic practice and medical spa to patients in Spring, TX, The Woodlands, and surrounding communities across the landscape.
Sclerotherapy – Side Effects and Risks
Sclerotherapy is a time-tested non-surgical treatment for spider veins. Some of the temporary side effects of sclerotherapy may be felt around the injection sites, which will include:
- Raised red areas
- Mild bruising
- Tiny skin sores
- Lines, spots or darkened skin
- Multiple red blood vessels
These side effects may disappear in a few days to a few weeks. No treatment is usually necessary, but in rare cases, the side effects may persist for a longer period.
In a rare situation, sclerotherapy may lead to major complications, requiring prompt medical attention. These may include:
Inflammation is generally mild, but sometimes it may result in discomfort, warmth and swelling around the injection areas. The vein specialist may prescribe medications to treat the inflammation.
If a blood clot occurs in a treated vein, it will have to be drained. In extremely rare cases, deep vein thrombosis may occur when the clot shifts to a deeper vein around the injection area.
Formation of Air Bubbles
In a few cases, tiny air bubbles may form in the blood, and the patient may experience nausea, headaches or fainting. The patient will require medical attention if the symptoms persist.
In exceptional cases, the FDA approved sclerosant used in sclerotherapy injections may cause an allergic reaction, requiring medical attention.
Endovenous Laser Ablation – Risks
Laser based endovenous ablation for varicose veins is a remarkably safe procedure. However, potential risks associated with this procedure may include:
Device Related Complications
Laser ablation works through heat generation. The heat is transmitted through the targeted vein wall, and in rare cases, may damage associated nerves and skin. A short term sensory neuropathy may occur in a few cases. Although thermal injury to the skin is rare, but skin burns may occur if the laser device or delivery is inappropriate for the patient’s needs.
Procedure Related Complications
Allergic reaction to the local anesthetic may occur in very rare cases. Sometimes it may be difficult to access the targeted vein, and very rare, a tiny incision may be required. This problem can be avoided with good pre-treatment vein mapping.
Similar risks are involved if ambulatory phlebectomy is performed to eliminate varicose veins. However, the risk factors are minimized when the treatment is performed by an experienced vein specialist. Dr. Reger’s cosmetic practice and medical spa receives patients from Spring, TX, The Woodlands, and nearby areas for vein treatments. During a consultation at Reger Vein and Skin Specialists with Gregg Reger MD in The Woodlands, our team will be happy to explain more in detail what procedures and treatments would be the best fit for you. Contact us today to schedule an appointment to learn more 832-585-0090! Serving patients in The Woodlands, Spring, Houston, Texas and surrounding areas.